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フィジー留学情報満載!ランデブーフィジーブログ
2013年12月16日(月)

フィジー留学スクールアクティビティ〜ファイヤーダンス〜

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ブラビナカ!
今回のアクティビティは、「ポリネシア」について。
ポリネシア、メラネシア、ミクロネシアの違いはご存知ですか?オセアニアの海洋部の分類なのですが、ポリネシアには、「ハワイ、タヒチ、ツバル、トンガ、サモア」などが含まれます。フィジーはメラネシアですね。ミクロネシアにはパラオなどが含まれます。


以下、今回はボリューム(大)ですが、辞書を片手に英語ブログを読んでみて下さいね!


LECTURE: POLYNESIA
OUTDOOR ACTIVITY THEME: POLYNESIAN FIRE DANCING


We had two main objectives for the week’s activity.
Firstly we had a lecture to familiarize our students with Polynesia Melanesia and Micronesia essentially our main focus was on Polynesia and its art of Fire Dancing.


Secondly we had a behind the scene peek at how Fire Dancers prepare for their show as we find out about


• The origin of Fire Dancing
• The tools of Fire Dancing
• The feats of Fire Dancing


We were quite fortunate that an actual fire dancer was present to give us a walk through the art of Fire Dancing.


LECTURE: MELANESIANS POLYNESIANS AND MICRONESIANS


What is the difference between Melanesians Polynesians and Micronesians? The students admitted that at a glance it would be quite tricky to tell them apart……intermarriages and modernization effects on people are making distinguishing even trickier.


(以下、ポリネシア、メラネシア、ミクロネシアの場所の説明と、名前の由来を説明しています↓)

Let’s take a look at the origin of the words themselves, and this would take us back to 1756 when Charles de Brosses labeled all Pacific Islands with the word Polynesia and then later in 1831 Dumont d’Urville came up with the names Melanesia and Micronesia.




In a nutshell we would say that

• Melanesians are from countries like The Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Fiji and that the Greek word melas means black as they are people of dark complexion

• Polynesians come from countries like Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Hawaii, part of Fiji and New Zealand and the word poly and neso are Greek meaning many and islands respectively

• Micronesians belong to countries like Marshall Islands, Palau, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Northern Mariana Islands and Kiribati and that Mikros is the Greek word for small.




A few interesting facts about Polynesia:

• It is said that Polynesian Triangle has Hawaii at Its northern most point then New Zealand to Its southwest and Easter Island to the southeast

• Tattoo the word and the art form are of Polynesian origin

• Taboo came from the Polynesian word “tapu”

• Polynesians origin came from southeast Asia however they journeyed to the islands of the Pacific around 2000 BC

• They reached Samoa and Tonga by 1200 BC

• In 800 AD Maori Polynesians arrived in New Zealand

• In 500 AD the farthest east that settlers went was to Easter Island or Rapa Nui where they built Moais. (Rapa Nui is the title of a 1994 movie)

• They are taller than Micronesians while lighter in skin tone than Melanesians with oriental eyes and long straight to wavy black hair compared to Melanesian frizzy Afro hair.


(なるほど・・・タトゥーはポリネシアが始まりだったんですね!)


POLYNESIAN FIRE DANCING

We were given a behind the scene walk through the world of Fire Dancing and this was led by Matthew an actual fire dancer who also answered our questions on Fire Dancing.


Prior to the outdoor activity we summarized a reading article about Fire Dancing and familiarize students with Fire Dancing some of the vocabulary associated with it.


The origin
Interestingly according to popular belief, the Maori people of New Zealand were the pioneer of Fire Dancing though now it has become a part of a worldwide form of entertainment which encompasses dance, fire feats and machete feats Poi feats etc.


The evolution
The Samoan Ailio or Samoan knife dance preceded the Machete Fire Dance, Fire Poi, staff and hoop fire feats and this transition came about thanks to an American Samoan called Uluao Letuli or Freddie Letuli


Poi Feat
It was said that Poi a Maori word meaning “ball on a string” was originally used as a form of exercise to develop wrist strength and flexibility of weapon and tool handling intended for battle or hunting however now it features prominently as Fire Poi feat which is one of the mesmerizing feat of Fire Dancing. The first Fire Poi was done in the 1950s in Hawaii as a tourist attraction.




After sharing our findings on Fire Dancing our avid students also shared their marvel for Fire Dancing shows which they came across while traveling around Fiji!


Then we were all given the rare opportunity to be made a part of the whole process of preparation and the show itself!!




レクチャーの後は、実際にファイヤーダンスを体験してみました!マシュー(ランデブースタッフ)が実際に火を付けて実践!!近くで見ると「ゴォー」という火が燃える音が聞こえて迫力満点なんですヨ!!フィジーを旅行していると、ファイヤーダンスを見る機会はあっても、実際に棒を持ったり体験出来る機会はめったにありません!!すごく貴重な経験になりました(^^)-★


Matthew started by introducing us to certain tools he would use to piece together a fire feat instrument such as a Fire Staff



He stressed the importance of firmly nailing the cloth to the staff …Done! He nailed it!!



Matthew is testing the strength of the cloth that he hammered on the staff…..to ensure that the cloth doesn’t come undone from the staff while a feat is being done!



Being a natural with this kind of work Matthew wraps the cloth around the other edge of the staff in a jiffy….at the same time holding a conversation with the students!



Tada!! Easy as pie!! And I’m done in the blink of an eye!! Now It’s time to test it!



Now that the staff is already pieced together ….it’s time to teach the apprentice Yoshi who looks smooth as he grips the staff ….. Ready!! Watch and learn!! It’s all in the grip!



Like so!! ……Matthew demonstrates how hand position is important in gripping and spinning the staff …..Right! I got it! Could be a piece of cake according to the apprentice! Yoshi Aced It!



Apprentice Akiko carefully follows the instructor a step behind and ever watchful of every move. ….. What’s the next step again?! Slow! I make this look good!



Trying the behind-the-back maneuver Akiko is enjoying this feat….and stoked to know she can nail the step successfully!! The smile from the instructor confirms her success!!



It’s time to soak the paraffin on the cloths….this requires only enough quantity of paraffin to ensure that the cloth doesn’t over-burn which can cause physical harm!! Keep your head on what you are doing! Focus!!



Watch out!! Caution needed!! Before Matthew lit the left end of the staff he cautioned us to keep a safe distance away. Fire is a good servant and a bad master! Fire Dancers must master fire with care as not to let fire overpower them!



Matthew is performing a Fire Staff Feat with ease however he affirms that wind direction is important for such fire feats…..it took him 3 weeks of daily practice to master such moves as this… Practice makes Perfect!! Same as learning English!



The toss!! Keep your eyes firmly on the Fire Staff and your hands ready for the catch! I can even go higher! He is focused and readies himself for the catch!! I can do this with my eyes closed! This is for professionals only and should not be done without proper supervision!



The English teacher also tries to join in the hype the students have been enjoying and tries her hand at mastering the grip and twirl… easy as ABC!!